Reducing indoor allergens and pollutants can help control children's asthma, reducing their need for medication, according to a new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Many things in the home contribute to asthma symptoms and attacks, said report co-author Dr. Elizabeth Matsui. Dust mites and mold top the list, along with furry pets, smoke, cockroaches and airborne fragrances and chemicals.
"By intervening, you can have a big impact on your child's asthma," said Matsui, a professor of pediatrics, epidemiology and environmental health sciences at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore.
As many as 1 in 10 American kids has asthma, a chronic lung condition that makes it hard to breathe, according to the academy. Their inflamed, narrowed airways lead to wheezing, tightening in the chest, shortness of breath and coughing.
The first step is to learn what's causing your child's asthma. Infections prompt symptoms in some kids, but this new report focuses on environmental triggers. Allergy testing -- either a blood test or an allergist's skin test -- can provide some vital answers, the pediatrician's group says.
"As the parent of a child with asthma, I can honestly say that knowing what the triggers of the asthma are is important for the overall health and quality of life of the child," said Dr. Vivian Hernandez-Trujillo, chief of pediatric allergy and immunology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital in Miami.
After identifying the environmental culprits, appropriate measures can be taken, she said.
Dust mite allergies, for example -- a problem for as many as 6 out of 10 kids with asthma -- can be helped by removing carpeting and stuffed toys, the report noted.
Vacuuming with a HEPA filter, encasing your child's mattress and box spring in allergy-proof covers, and regularly washing bedding in hot water are also recommended for controlling dust mites, Matsui said.
However, if your child is allergic to cats -- another common trigger -- there's really no option but to find the animal a new home, she said.
"The allergen that the pet produces is airborne and very sticky, and so even when you try to isolate the pet, you don't really have any improvement in the child's asthma," Matsui explained.topics from