Buhari's Health: Facts About Meniere Disease

Buhari's Health: Facts About Meniere Disease

Since the news broke that the Nigerian President was being treated for ear infection, concerned Nigerians have been seeking informations on the nature of Meniere’s disease; whether it’s a chronic or acute disease, and whether it has an incapacitating feature on its victims. Point blank, they want to know if President Buhari would be cured from the disease and able to discharge the responsibility of the country’s Commander-in-Chief effectively.

Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes episodes in which one feels as if he or she is spinning (vertigo), fluctuating hearing loss with a progressive, ultimately permanent loss of hearing, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), and sometimes a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear. In most cases, the disease affects only one ear, but could affect the two, causing more damaging effect to the victim.

Symptoms of Meniere’s disease include:

  1. Vertigo (attacks can last anywhere from a few minutes to 24 hours)
  2. Loss of hearing in the affected ear
  3. Tinnitus (a sensation of ringing) in the affected ear
  4. A feeling of fullness in the affected ear
  5. Loss of balance
  6. Headaches
  7. Nausea, vomiting, and sweating caused by severe verti

Medical Treatment for Meniere’s Disease

Meniere’s disease is a chronic condition with no cure. However, there are a variety of treatments that can help with the symptoms, ranging from medication to surgery for the most severe cases.

Medication
Doctor may prescribe medication to help with the symptoms of Meniere’s disease. Motion sickness medicines can be used to ease symptoms of vertigo, nausea, and vomiting. If nausea and vomiting is a problem for the patient, doctor may prescribe an antiemetic (anti-nausea medication).

As Meniere’s disease is thought to be caused by a problem with fluid in the inner ear, your doctor may prescribe a diuretic (a drug that causes increased urine output) to help reduce the amount of fluid. Your doctor can also inject medication into your inner ear by way of your middle ear to help reduce vertigo symptoms.

Rehab and Hearing Aids
Vestibular rehabilitation exercises can improve symptoms of vertigo. These exercises help to train your brain to account for the difference in balance between your two ears. These exercises can be taught by a physical therapist.

Hearing loss can be treated by an audiologist. Usually, this requires being fitted with a hearing aid.

Surgery
Most people with Meniere’s disease don’t require surgery, but it’s an option for those who have severe attacks and haven’t had success with other treatment options. An endolymphatic sac procedure is done to help decrease the production of fluid and promote fluid drainage in the inner ear.

A vestibular nerve section procedure cuts the nerve that connects the ear to the brain, which reduces vertigo while preserving hearing. A labyrithecotomy is done when there is total hearing loss in the ear. This surgery removes the entire inner ear, which removes the balance and hearing function from that ear. 

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